Photo by Sora Shimazaki from Pexels
Photo by Sora Shimazaki from Pexels

What you need to know about Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea refers to the absence of or seizing of the menstrual flow due to several factors such as health conditions, birth control use, and most commonly, pregnancy.

There are two types of amenorrhea.

1. Primary amenorrhea: This refers to the absence of a menstrual period in a girl who has/is exhibiting puberty but hasn’t gotten a period by the age of 15. Hormones, problems with the reproductive organs are usually the main cause of primary amenorrhea. 

2. Secondary amenorrhea: This occurs in women who have had menstrual flows previously, which later stops for three to four months consecutively. The most common cause of secondary amenorrhea is pregnancy, though other factors can cause a woman’s period to seize.

 

Pregnancy is not the only cause of secondary Amenorrhea | Love Matters Naija
Photo by Alex Green

 

Main Causes

The causes of amenorrhea differ from each other. The causes of primary amenorrhea are different from the factors that cause secondary amenorrhea.

 

The most common causes of primary amenorrhea include:

 

1. Genetic conditions: A few genetic conditions like Turner Syndrome can cause amenorrhea. Turner syndrome occurs only in female humans and it is when one of the X chromosomes is missing or partially missing. It also causes a delay in puberty, amongst some other disabilities. Other conditions which can cause amenorrhea are AIS (androgen insensitivity syndrome) which causes an overproduction of testosterone.

 

2. Disorders of the reproductive organs namely the ovaries and/or uterus.

 

The causes of secondary amenorrhea are more extensive. The most common reason is pregnancy, but other causes include:

  • Birth Control
  • Physical and Mental Stress
  • Gynaecological or Reproductive (Organ) Disorder
  • Chronic Illness
  • Extreme Weight Changes
  • (Peri)menopause

 

Possible Treatments

The treatment plans for amenorrhea largely depends on what type it is (primary or secondary) and also the cause.

For primary amenorrhea, surgery may be needed to repair reproductive organs and/or genetic conditions.

In the case of secondary amenorrhea, the reason is first ascertained before a possible solution is prescribed. If amenorrhea is caused by birth control or drastic lifestyle changes like extensive exercise, physical stress or weight loss, doctors may prescribe an alternative contraceptive and suggest lifestyle changes.

For both primary or secondary amenorrhea, the first point of call should be a visit to the doctor or gynaecologist to determine what could be wrong. Self-medication is not advised.

 

Further Studies on Amenorrhea in Nigerian Women

There have been independent studies of women in Nigeria living with amenorrhea.

For instance, a study on amenorrhea in women, which was carried in 2017 at the Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching (UDUTH), Sokoto, Nigeria, borders on the physical symptoms and emotional effects experienced by persons living with this condition.

However, this research is limited to a few women in Northern Nigeria who speak English and Hausa, and may not apply to other women or other genders experiencing amenorrhea in the country.

 

 

If you have more questions on amenorrhea and/or menstruation-related topics, kindly leave a comment below or reach out to our Moderators on our Facebook Page.

Marie Stopes Nigeria

 

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