If you don't want to get pregnant – or don't want your partner to get pregnant – you need to use birth control, also called contraception or family planning. There are lots different types of birth control methods. Another way to avoid getting pregnant is abstinence.
Emergency contraception is a post-sex method of birth control. That means if you are not already on contraceptives or didn’t use condoms or even if you did and it did not work properly, emergency contraception can help prevent unplanned pregnancy if used immediately after unprotected sex.
Different birth control options exist for individuals who are sexually active and would like to prevent an unwanted pregnancy. Along with selections like condoms, the morning after pill, spermicide, birth control patch, there is also the Intrauterine Device popularly referred to as IUD.
Even though only abstinence from sex guarantees 100 percent protection from unplanned pregnancy, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, Condom use has proven effective (guarantees 98 percent protection) and a more preferred method.
Contraceptive use in Nigeria remains a convoluted and controversial topic. While the narrative surrounding reproductive health and family planning have evolved over the years, there remains a sense of derision when contraceptives are brought up, especially concerning a woman’s agency over her body.